The secretary of the National Security Council of Ukraine, Alexei Danilov, reported on Wednesday that said body approved imposing a state of emergency throughout the country, except in the Donetsk and Lugansk regions, which are subject to a special legal regime.
Keys to the conflict in Donbas
According to the media, the entry into force of the state of emergency demands that it be approved first by the Verkhovna Rada (Parliament), which is expected to approve it in an emergency session this Wednesday.
At the proposal of the Security Council, the Legislative Branch included the issue in its deliberations this Wednesday, according to information published on its social networks by deputy Sergei Zhelezniak.
The official explained that the measure supposes “the strengthening of the protection of civil order and the necessary facilities to ensure the vital activity of the population and the national economy. It can be about restrictions on the movement of vehicles.”
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February 23, 2022
In a press conference offered from the Government headquarters, Danilov explained that the state of emergency can be imposed for 30 days and extended for another 30 by presidential decree.
He expanded that such a measure supposes “the strengthening of the protection of civil order and the necessary facilities to ensure the vital activity of the population and the national economy.”
He explained that “it can be about restrictions on the movement of vehicles, additional transport controls, verification of certain documents of individuals.”
He added that the prohibitions may vary and their severity will be defined in a specific and consensual manner in the “regional commissions, which will include all representatives of state or local authorities,” he said.
He mentioned that the exception will not apply in Donetsk and Lugansk (recognized on Monday as republics by Russian President Vladimir Putin) since a special regime regulated by legislation has existed there since 2014.
According to the current law in the European nation, the state of emergency can include the prohibition of meetings, demonstrations and strikes, as well as mass events. Likewise, it can result in a curfew, the suspension of certain political parties or movements (which must be previously notified) and the introduction of censorship.
Among other measures, the website of the Verkhovna Rada mentions the blocking of assets and property, the restriction of business operations, the revocation or suspension of licenses and other permissions, and the restriction or termination of the provision of electronic communications services and the use of these networks.
Statements on Donbas
Referring to the situation in Donbas, which has been heavily shelled by the Ukrainian armed forces in recent days, Danilov told the media that Ukraine is a nation of peace and tranquility.
He accused Russia of deliberately exaggerating the situation, even though more than 100,000 residents of Donetsk and Luhansk have evacuated over the past three days to Russia’s Rostov region.
Following the script of the “Russian invasion”, he said that the Ukrainian military will only open fire if they perceive risks to their lives and that what he called “a great threat of provocations by the representatives of the Russian Federation in (… .) Donetsk and Luhansk”.
Among other ideas, he said that the Ukrainian president, Volodomir Zelensky, is willing to negotiate with Russia for a de-escalation, but not with the representatives of these popular republics.