Patricio Lumumba: Assassinated for defending the freedom of the Congo | News


61 years ago, the lands of Africa collected the blood of the Congolese leader Patricio Lumumba, one of the most fervent fighters against the colonization of the Congo and the first head of government of his country after achieving independence from Belgium.


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his murder it had to do with their confrontation with Western powers that, for years, seized Congo’s natural resources and plunged its population into extreme poverty and inequality.

“No brutality, mistreatment or torture has broken me because I prefer to die with my head held high, with unshakable faith and deep confidence in the future of my country, than to live subjugated and trampling on sacred principles,” Lumumba wrote. to his wife and children days before his death.

anti-colonial leader

Lumumba was born on July 2, 1925 in Onalua, Katakokombe, Congo. He was an anti-colonial leader and the first to serve as Prime Minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, between June and September 1960. His education was self-taught, as a result of being expelled from several mission schools.

The African hero founded the Congolese National Movement in 1958, in favor of creating an independent and secular State, whose unitary political structures would help to exacerbate national sentiment, which made him the winner of the post of Prime Minister in the first free elections, in 1960.

However, the departure of the Belgians from the territory caused more instability in the territory, as a political conflict was generated with military uprisings, attacks on the white population and widespread riots.

Likewise, the mining region of Katanga declared itself independent under the leadership of Tschombé, a profitable situation for its former metropolis, which had interests in the mining company that exploited the deposits, for which it also deployed military troops.

liberty betrayed

Even though Lumumba claimed before the United Nations Organization (UN) the rights of sovereignty and inviolability of its territory and demanded the immediate expulsion of the Belgian troops, his voice was not heard, so to save the situation he sought allies in the former Union of Republics Soviet Socialists (USSR).

In a context of the Cold War, this action involved a direct confrontation with the United States (USA), which is why it activated its troops from the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to eliminate it from the African panorama.

At the same time, it should be noted that, within the conditions of independence for the Congo, Belgium he left an indebted country and withdrew all his troops in the health, education and administration sectors, among others, without giving time for his replacement. This abandonment colluded against Lumumba and was betrayed.

First, a coup d’état in September 1960 overthrew him along with his entire cabinet, and a second stab in the back by the military man Joseph-Désiré Mobutu, who was following instructions from the intelligence agencies of USA and Belgium, led to his arrest and kidnapping.

Although there are different versions of his assassination, which led to the establishment of a dictatorship of more than three decades, the truth is that the now National Hero of the Democratic Republic of the Congo he was cowardly assassinated for promoting a political and ideological struggle against the colonial yokes and North American imperialism.

In November 2001, the Belgian parliament recognized the responsibility of his State in the assassination by Lumumba and the US also confessed its involvement in the events.

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