Know five actions to protect fauna | News

Since 1929, every October 4, the world celebrates Animal Day, a date promoted from the beginning by the World Organization for Animal Protection, with the purpose of stopping the extinction of species and recognizing the rights of these beings to life.


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The date was chosen in honor of Saint Francis of Assisi, who through his writings urged us to understand our place on the planet, referring that the spiritual wealth of those who inhabit it is linked to the well-being of animals and the environment.

It is evident that the destruction of any animal species produces imbalances in nature, so respect for the fauna in all its magnitude is crucial to achieve a peaceful coexistence between it, the flora and human beings.

However, the future that lies ahead is worrying. According to the Franz Weber Foundation, nearly one million animal species are in danger of disappearing as a result of the direct or indirect impact of human activity on animal life.

Added to this are the effects of climate change, which has triggered long periods of drought in some places and floods in others, and the emission of high levels of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere through industrial activity.

In this way, it is urgent to take action to guarantee the survival of animal species and thus avoid irreparable losses to life, habitats and ecosystems that make up the planet.

Let’s get to know five of them below, so that we are able to create a collective consciousness in order to guarantee the balance of Mother Nature:

1. Proclaim legislation that favors animal protection.

On October 15, 1978, the International League for Animal Rights and other related bodies officially presented the Universal Declaration of Animal Rights to the world.

This compendium recognizes that animals are born equal to life and have the same rights to existence, hence, like human beings, animals must be supported by governments.

Hence, the institutions that represent animals must be heard and have weight in decision-making at the governmental level, in order to defend and guarantee their rights, so it is timely for States to raise the need to enact laws in favor of animals and their protection.

Likewise, according to article 10 of the declaration, fauna must not be exploited for human entertainment. For this reason, animal exhibitions, circus or theater shows and violent scenes in the cinema or on television that have animals as protagonists are incompatible with animal decorum.

2. Prohibit poaching of animals and promote responsible purchasing.

Historically, indiscriminate hunting has been responsible for the loss of biological diversity in international fauna, and has endangered multiple species.

In this sense, if there were political, moral and personal will to eradicate poaching, the future declaration of extinct or endangered species could be avoided.

To this is added the creation of consumer awareness that avoids the purchase of products made with parts of animals in danger of extinction, to discourage wildlife trafficking, as well as avoiding purchasing products that have been previously tested on animals.

In this way, the inclusion of animals in lucrative businesses, from which they are extremely harmed, is avoided.

3. Avoid deforestation of forests.

The practice of indiscriminate felling of trees in the forests that offer shelter and food to numerous animal species is another of the main causes that affect the extinction of animal species.

In general, those that survive are forced to migrate to other ecosystems in search of food or shelter. International organizations for the protection of fauna, such as the International Union for the Conservation of Nature, warn that at least 85 percent of the species at risk and in danger of extinction are associated with the destruction of habitats.

In this way, contributing to reforestation, the restoration of swampy lands, the delimitation of protected areas and nature reserves, the cleaning of beaches and the demarcation of vulnerable areas constitute opportune actions to prolong the useful life of the forests, and consequently , preserve wildlife.

4. Promote plans for captive breeding.

The implementation of actions to guarantee the reproduction of species in captivity, in order to achieve a reasonable population to later repopulate the areas where they usually lived.

In this sense, there must be scientific support for the purpose of taking care of biological and reproductive cycles, the quality of mating and the subsequent birth of offspring.

Likewise, once these species are within their natural habitat, attempts at extraction by illegal animal dealers must be guarded against, whose actions may result in the decrease of the newly constituted population.

5. Consider animals as subjects of law.

The creation of a conscience oriented to morally consider animals as subjects of law is urgently needed. This means offering them all the resources to guarantee an optimal existence: respecting the spaces where they carry out their natural life, helping them when they need help, providing them with food, and putting human knowledge to use them when appropriate.

This day the call is to sensitize humanity with the benefits of the animal world, and understand the value of being in contact with fauna as an inescapable guarantee of an effective contribution to its preservation and care.