a weapon that escapes radar detection
There is much literature and few findings on the reality of hypersonic technology. But the truth is that Russia, along with China and North Korea, seem to be ahead in this technology that promises to take a missile anywhere in the world in an hour, which is capable of moving through the lower layers of the atmosphere. to escape the radars and that maneuvers in the last meters to avoid the anti-missile defenses.
Hypervelocity, the ability to move at a speed between ten and twenty times the speed of sound, is, together with laser weapons and artificial intelligence, the breakthrough technology that promises to break all military balances. They can be strategic, tactical, nuclear or conventional. According to the Center for Strategic & International Studies (CSIS), it will not take long to find the technology to stop them, but it will require a sophistication that only large armies, with significant investments, can afford.
Russia boasts of being ahead in this race. North Korea tested its first missile in September 2021. A month later, Russia launched two Zircon hypersonic cruise missiles from a submerged submarine. China has also carried out its own tests, but experts indicate that Russia retains a slight advantage over the rest of the competitors.
The missile launched yesterday in Ukraine is part of a family of weapons developed in 2018 under the name Zinzhal (Dagger).
Hypersonic technology began to develop in the 1980s, but accelerated after 2002, when the United States withdrew from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty and no longer felt constrained to develop new self-defense systems. Moscow felt vulnerable after this decision and began research into systems capable of penetrating the most advanced defense systems.