This February 27, Venezuelans commemorate a new anniversary of the popular demonstration known as El Caracazo, an event that marked a milestone in the contemporary history of Venezuela.
The caracazo: genesis of the Bolivarian Revolution
Given the relevance of the date, users of social networks recall in different publications this historic event, which marks the 33rd anniversary, when Venezuelans took to the streets to protest against the neoliberal measures of then President Carlos Andrés Pérez.
Years later, on February 27, 2007, the National Assembly (AN) of Venezuela decreed the date as the National Day for Respect for Human Rights and People’s Power.
Why does Venezuela remember the Day of Respect for Human Rights?
The historical date, known by Venezuelans as “El Caracazo”, and which occurred on February 27, 1989, recalls the social explosion carried out by the people before the neoliberal policies of Carlos Andrés Pérez.
The event marked the largest mass violation of the Human Rights (DD.HH.) that has been registered in Venezuela. From that Monday, February 27, to Friday, March 3, the government repression caused more than 200 deaths and hundreds of disappearances, especially in raids carried out against young people in neighborhoods.
In 1999, the Inter-American Court of Human Rights (IACHR) determined that the Venezuelan State was responsible for the events and ordered compensation to 44 indirect victims of human rights violations.
Back then, Hugo Chavez he was serving his first months in office and fulfilled the IACHR’s demand by paying the money. At the same time, and as part of his government, he began a process to do justice.
In 2007, the Ombudsman’s Office updated the report on the status of the cases and made a series of recommendations to all the agencies involved. Among its measures, it implemented that every 27 february be remembered as the National Day for Respect for Human Rights and Popular Power; later ratified by the AN of that time.