François Dominique Toussaint-Louverture, leader of the independence and anti-slavery revolution in Haiti of 1791, is remembered for having laid the foundations for the definitive eradication of slavery in the American continent, and as a result, in the entire world.
How did the first slave uprising in Haiti happen?
Military, political, and the most important among the leaders who led the slave insurrection in the Caribbean country, was born on May 20, 1743 in Cabo Francés, on what was then called the island of Hispaniola (now the Haitian city of Cap-Haïtien), and died on April 7, 1803.
Despite his status as a slave on a sugar cane plantation, he learned to read and write, which made it possible for him to come into contact with the writings and ideas of the movement of French Enlightenment thinkers.
Two years after the outbreak of the French Revolution, which had a great impact on the Island, a group of black men who had already lost their status as slaves and claimed to be French citizens demanded full enjoyment of the rights granted in the Universal Declaration of the Rights of Man.
In August 1791, the slaves of the northern plains of the Island rebelled against the landowners, initiating a large-scale uprising that would soon spread to other regions. Folded to this uprising, Louverture along with other leaders such as Jean-François and George Biassou, organized and spread the fight throughout the territory.
On this day, on April 7, 1803, FD Toussaint Louverture died, leader of the independence and anti-slavery revolution of 1791 and founder of Haiti.
The first great anti-colonial revolutionary movement in America and the first mass uprising of black slaves. pic.twitter.com/7IH0FxJj9Y
– OɾιoƖ Sabata (@oriolsabata)
April 7, 2021
On August 29, 1793, he issued a proclamation in which he presented himself as the leader of the black rebels: “I am Toussaint Louverture; perhaps the knowledge of my name has reached you. I have begun the revenge of my race. I want you to freedom and equality reign in Santo Domingo. I work for them to exist. Unite, brothers, and fight with me for the same cause. Uproot the tree of slavery with me, “he wrote.
For the next few years he led the Haitian revolution facing the Spanish, English and French, until his capture, exile and death in France on April 7, 1803.
After Louverture’s death, the French never succeeded in re-establishing slavery on the island, and on January 1, 1804 a new leader, Jean-Jacques Dessalines, proclaimed the country’s independence, which he renamed after his aboriginal name, Haiti.