Who is Giorgia Meloni? From political neo-fascism to taking the reins of Italy

The leader of the Brothers of Italy, Giorgia Meloni, winner of the elections this Sunday, is approaching her final political ascent and, if the forecasts are fulfilled, this far-right politics hardened in its beginnings in political neo-fascism She will be the first woman to head a government in the transalpine country.

Meloni was born in 1977 and grew up without great luxuries on the outskirts of Rome, in a single-parent family – her father abandoned the family months after her birth. In his memoirs, he recalls his origins without rancor against him, claiming precisely that It owes its current character, both personal and political, to them.

The assassination of judge Paolo Borsellino in 1992 pushed her into politics, into the youth of the Italian Social Movement (MSI), a party with a clear neo-fascist ideology and that has been adapting to the political reality. The flame that is the protagonist of the MSI logo is still present in the Brothers of Italy logo to this day.

The heir formation of the MSI, however, was initially the National Alliance, under whose banner Meloni managed to enter Parliament when he was 29 years old. In 2006 she became the youngest vice president of the Chamber of Deputies and, two years later, she also broke a barrier by being Minister of the Government of Silvio Berlusconi at the age of 31.

Meloni ended up joining the Pueblo de la Libertad and was faithful to Berlusconi when the first internal war drums began to sound, but the cancellation of a primary to which she aspired to run led her to launch Brothers of Italy to attract disgruntled conservatives.

The first messages of the new party revolved around nationalism and anti-Europeanism, proposing for example the return to the lira. In social issues, the closing of borders to immigration coexisted with a return to values ​​considered conservative and traditional.

Brothers of Italy made its debut in the 2013 elections without reaching 2 percent of the vote, but this allowed it to acquire a certain share of prominence at a time when the League was beginning to leave behind its surname ‘North’ and he aspired to weave a far-right alternative at the national level.

In subsequent years, she continued to move on the front line and in 2016 she was the standard-bearer of the right in the elections for Mayor of Rome. She lost, but the 20 percent of the votes obtained then showed that his presence did not bother a wide range of voters.

In 2018, his party was already the fifth with the most legislators in the Chamber of Deputies and the following electoral appointments made it possible to reach new heights, also at the provincial level – today, he governs in two regions of Italy.

Giorgia Meloni. Photo: Reuters

The political earthquake in which Italy has been plunged in recent years has contributed to consolidate Meloni as an alternative. Its formation presumes to be the only one of the great parties that has not been part of any of the governments that have chained the country during these years, a key position considering that the League, its natural rival, has been present in several .

Meloni, an admirer of Donald Trump and an ally of Viktor Orbán, She has also made an effort to soften her speech, as has been made clear during the campaign and in her first words after knowing she was the winner of this Sunday’s parliamentarians, thanks to which she will predictably become the first woman to be president of the Council of Ministers Italian.

The growth of recent years has been unstoppable for Brothers of Italy and, after leaving their former mentor, Berlusconi, behind in the polls, Meloni managed in mid-2021 to become the rival to beat in the right-wing blockafter placing himself ahead of a Salvini with whom he will now be forced to come to an understanding.

In Europe, there are several far-right leaders who have rushed to congratulate Meloni after his electoral victory, although Brothers of Italy is not the political ‘family’ of all of them in the European Parliament. He is part of the European Conservatives and Reformiststhe bloc that brings together, among others, the Spanish far-right party VOX or the ruling party in Poland, although not Salvini or France’s Marine Le Pen.

(With information from Europe Press)