WHO and CDC warn that measles is a global threat

WHO and CDC warn that measles is a global threat

Its symptoms include fever, muscle pain, and a rash on the face and upper neck.

Photo: Kaspars Grinvalds / Shutterstock

The World Health Organization and the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) say measles immunization has dropped significantly since the coronavirus pandemic began.

This has resulted in a record of nearly 40 million children missed a dose of vaccine last year, According to the report.

The report issued on Wednesday explains that millions of children are now susceptible to measles, one of the world’s most contagious diseases.

In July of this year, the United Nations (UN) said that 25 million children did not receive routine immunizations against diseases such as diphtherialargely because the coronavirus disrupted routine health services.

What we know about measles

This sickness spreads mainly through direct contact or through the air and its symptoms include fever, muscle pain, and a rash on the face and upper neck.

It is known that most measles-related deaths are caused by complications including brain swelling and dehydration.

According to the WHO, serious complications are more dangerous in children under five years of age and adults over 30.

According to data from the institution, more than 95% of measles deaths occur in developing countries, mainly in Africa and Asia.

To date there is no specific treatment for measles, but the two-dose vaccine is about 97% effective in preventing serious illness and death.

WHO and CDC raise alarms

In 2021, authorities said there were about 9 million measles infections and 128,000 deaths worldwide.

In fact, both the WHO and the CDC said that continued falls in vaccination, weak disease surveillance, and delayed response plans due to COVID-19, in addition to ongoing outbreaks in more than 20 countries, mean that “measles is an imminent threat in all regions of the world”.

Scientists estimate that at least 95% of a population needs to be immunized to protect against epidemics; WHO and CDC reported that only about 81% of children receive their first dose of the measles vaccine, while 71% receive their second dose, marking the lowest global coverage rates for the first measles dose since 2008.

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