What are the symptoms of kidney stones

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The kidneys help eliminate toxins from the body iStock
The kidneys help eliminate toxins from the body iStock

The kidneys are two vital organs for the proper functioning of the body because they filter toxins from the blood and help us eliminate them through urine.

Damage or malfunction in this part of the body can cause pain, reduce our quality of life and even put it at risk.

In this sense, one of the main illnesses that usually occur in this area are kidney stones, popularly known as kidney stones.

The kidney stones, As their colloquial name indicates, they are small stones that form in the kidneys due to a concentration of minerals that could not be filtered.

Although kidney stones do not usually put the life of the sufferer at risk, expelling them is reported to be extremely painful.

Kidney stones can have different sizes (photo: diabetes/Twitter)
Kidney stones can have different sizes (photo: diabetes/Twitter)

A calculation or kidney stone It usually does not cause symptoms while it is formed and can last a long time in these organs without causing discomfort; However, symptoms and discomfort usually begin when these stones begin to move through the kidney, according to information from the Mayo Clinic.

Some symptoms that you may have kidney stones are the following:

-Pain in the back, side, lower abdomen or groin

-Pink, red or brown bleeding when urinating

-Constant need or feeling of wanting to urinate

-Expel very little urine despite feeling great need

-Urine that has a cloudy color or has a bad odor

It is worth mentioning that these symptoms may occur intermittently, that is, it can appear and disappear gradually. This is because pain only occurs when the stone moves, so it can sometimes move and cause pain and then become static again.

This is why you should go to the doctor the first time you experience any of these symptoms, even if they disappear after a few days, as the stone will continue to move over time.

Lower back pain can be a symptom of kidney stone (Shutterstock)
Lower back pain can be a symptom of kidney stone (Shutterstock)

In addition to these symptoms, more serious symptoms such as nausea and/or vomiting, fever and chills may also occur.

The presence of these more severe signs could indicate that the stones have moved from the kidneys to the urinary ducts, blocking them and preventing the passage of urine. This usually causes great pain in addition to promoting the appearance of infections.

Kidney stones can pass on their own if they are small iStock
Kidney stones can pass on their own if they are small iStock

In reality, there is no treatment as such that eliminates stones, as this only consists of trying to get the kidney to expel them by itself through urine.

For this, it is usually indicated to drink a lot of water and take some medications to counteract the pain caused by the displacement of the stone.

However, this It depends largely on its size and where it is located; A kidney stone can be the size of a grain of sand or a sea pearl and the larger it is, the more difficult it will be for the kidney to expel it.

If the stone is very large or has moved into the urinary tract, the person may require surgery to remove it.

Drinking water will keep your kidneys healthy iStock
Drinking water will keep your kidneys healthy iStock

The kidneys filter all types of toxins and substances that the body does not need, often even minerals such as salt, calcium and oxalates; When these minerals are found in excess, the kidneys cannot filter properly and waste remains in them.

Over time These minerals accumulate to form stones of various sizes, depending on the concentration. Although there are different types of stones, in all cases a low-sodium diet is recommended to avoid them.

It is also recommended moderate consumption of foods containing calcium oxalate, since they favor its appearance. Some foods that contain it are spinach, chard, beets or carrots, cocoa, chocolate and seafood.

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