Unesco warns about danger of extinction for coral reefs | News

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Coral reefs are at risk of extinction by the end of this century, declared the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (Unesco), taking into account the underwater structures inscribed on the World Heritage List.

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The world’s best-known coral reefs could become extinct by the end of the century unless efforts are made to make them resilient to ocean warming, it said, reiterating that these ecosystems face pollution, overfishing and habitat destruction. .

In addition, he specified that the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) states that States must drastically reduce carbon emissions to meet the objectives of the 2015 Paris Agreement.

For her part, the director of the UNESCO Marine Program, Fanny Douvere, stated that “global warming means that local reef conservation practices are no longer sufficient to protect the world’s most important reef ecosystems. But a healthy, resilient reef can regenerate after a bleaching incident and survive.”

UNESCO confirmed that its objective is to reduce these threats and strengthen the sustainable management of marine reefs, supporting local communities.

To this end, they plan to prioritize support for 19 of the 29 reefs included on the World Heritage List, including the Malpelo Fauna and Flora Sanctuary (Colombia), the Guanacaste Conservation Area and the Isla del Coco National Park (Costa Rica), Galapagos Islands (Ecuador), among others.

Coral bleaching, indicating its extinction, causes pieces to break off and accumulate on the reef, preventing the growth of new corals.

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