Unesco remembers Holocaust Remembrance Day in Europe | News

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This January 27 is celebrated, as every year, the International Holocaust Remembrance Day. On November 1, 2005, the General Assembly of the United Nations Organization decided, based on Resolution 60/7, to designate this date as the annual Commemoration Day in memory of the victims.

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The resolution urges all member states of the United Nations to honor the memory of the victims of the Holocaust and encourage the development of educational programs on the history of the Holocaust in order to prevent future acts of genocide.

“With each questioning of this history, with each attack on the memory of the victims, the rise of anti-Semitism and hate speech is fueled, a daily scourge for Jewish communities around the world. Therefore, we must be more vigilant than ever ”, pointed out the director general of UNESCO, Audrey Azoulay.

In turn, he also added: β€œIt is our common responsibility to protect the truth and keep alive the memory of all the people who suffered because of the Nazi regime; support research and documentation, to respond with the reality of history to the fantasies of fans; study and teach the Holocaust, so that education prevents anti-Semitism and all forms of racism”.

Auschwitz was a gigantic complex made up of three prison camps: Auschwitz I (the original camp), Auschwitz II-Birkenau (concentration and extermination camp), and Auschwitz III-Monowitz (labor camp), as well as other satellite camps. When the Soviets made their entrance, most of the guards had fled before the advancing Red Army after their victory months earlier in Operation Bagration. At that time there were 2,819 prisoners left in Auschwitz.



It is estimated that during the war, in all the concentration and extermination camps, six million people were killed by the Nazis for the mere fact of being Jews, while eleven million more died for belonging to other minorities, including Soviet civilians and soldiers. and Poles captured in combat.

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