They warn that deforestation in the Amazon grew by 56.6% in three years | News


Amazon deforestation has increased by 56.6 percent in the last three years, between August 2018 and July 2021, with the loss of native vegetation of 32,740 square kilometers (km²), according to the Environmental Research Institute of the Amazon (IPAM).


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The study was based on data from the National Institute for Space Research (INPE), linked to the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, and showed that there was a considerable increase in the affected territory, since in the same period of 2015 the loss was 2018.20 .911 km².

According to the investigation, the devastation began to accelerate in the second half of 2018 and, in addition, this situation had as a reference the campaign speech of President Jair Bolsonaro, in favor of the dismantling of environmental control.

“From that moment (electoral period), the political and legislative events resulted in the current fragility of the policies and institutions responsible for the environmental agenda, for command and control actions, mainly at the federal level,” the research acknowledged. .

The investigation stated that Bolsonaro inaugurated a new dynamic of devastation, the weakening of oversight, the amnesty for environmental crimes and exclusionary measures in the Legislative Power.

In 2020 and 2021, with 18 percent of deforestation in the biome, the state of Amazonas moved to second place in the ranking with the highest deforestation, behind Pará with 43 percent, which has been in first place since 2017, and Mato Grosso with 16 percent.

On the other hand, indigenous lands were the most affected, with a 153 percent increase in deforestation in the last three years, declared by IPAM.

The study also points to some challenges, such as the reinstatement of the Amazon Deforestation Prevention and Control Plan (PPCdam), which reduced deforestation in the biome by 83 percent between 2004 and 2012, but was shelved by President Bolsonaro.

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