They promote reforms to reduce the working day from 48 to 36 hours a week

Deputy Carolina Dávila Ramírez (PRI) proposed amending and adding article 123 of the Political Constitution, to reduce the working week from 48 to 36 hours, both for workers in Section A and Section B.

The initiative, sent to the Constitutional Points Commission, for an opinion, and to the Labor and Social Welfare Commission, for an opinion, indicates that for equal work, equal pay must be paid, without taking into account the working day.

In section A, regarding workers, day laborers, domestic employees, artisans and, in general, any employment contract, it proposes that the working day will be implemented depending on the needs of each sector through an agreement between workers and employers, It may be under the modalities of short daily shift, compressed work week or reduced work year.

It specifies that these agreements must be established in the collective work contract or, where appropriate, in the individual work contract.

In section B, on the Powers of the Union and its workers, it states that the maximum daily working day will be thirty-six hours a week, and night work may not exceed seven hours a day.

It adds that it will be implemented through an agreement between the workers and the Powers of the Union, and the modalities can be short daily shifts, compressed work weeks or reduced work years. The agreements must be established in the collective work contract or, where appropriate, in the individual work contract.

To facilitate the implementation of the reform, it is proposed in the transitional phases to gradually introduce it on an annual basis, reducing the working day from 48 to 44 hours the first year, from 44 to 40 hours the second year and from 40 to 36 hours the second year. third year, with the purpose of addressing the particularities of each sector and making the necessary adjustments for its application.

The document mentions that excessive working hours have important consequences for workers and companies, causing alterations in sleep, in family and social life; generate fatigue, stress, sleep disorders and mood.

In the long term, the chances of cardiovascular diseases, gastrointestinal and musculoskeletal disorders, chronic infections, mental illness and family conflicts, decreased safety in the work area and increased risk of occupational accidents and injuries increase.

Data from the OECD indicate that each Mexican works 2,255 hours a year with little productivity, the highest figure among the nations that are part of that organization.

It details that in Germany they work 26.2 hours a week, with a productivity level of 74.2 dollars, and in Norway 27.2 hours of work with a productivity of 93.2 dollars, while in Mexico with 41.3 hours worked there is a productivity level of 22.2 dollars, far from the middle of the OECD average, located at 54.8 dollars.

In addition, the Covid-19 has modified in Mexico and in the world the way of working of various companies and the public sector, with 4-day shifts, staggered hours and home-office. These first mandatory tests allow us to glimpse the possibility of changing the current working conditions and gradually reducing the working day to improve the quality of life of the workers and increase productivity.

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