Personal hygiene is the way you take care of your body and your health.
This practice includes taking a bath, washing your hands, brushing your teeth, and much more.
Every day, you come into contact with millions of outside germs and viruses. They can stay in your body, and in some cases, they can make you sick.
Personal hygiene practices can help prevent disease. They can also help you feel good about how you look.
Learn more about the importance of hygiene, the best ways to practice it, and how you can change your habits to feel and look better.
hygiene in the bathroom
Wash your hands after using the bathroom. Scrub with soap for 20-30 seconds, making sure to clean between your fingers, on the back of your hands, and under your fingernails. Rinse with lukewarm water and dry with a clean towel.
If you don't have running water or soap nearby, an alcohol-based hand sanitizer will also work. Use one that is at least 60 percent alcohol.
hygiene in the shower
Personal preference can determine how often you want to shower, but most people will benefit from showering at least every other day. Showering with soap helps remove dead skin cells, bacteria, and oils.
You should also wash your hair at least twice a week. The shampoo helps remove skin buildup and protects against oily residue that can irritate skin.
Trim your nails regularly to keep them short and neat. Brush underneath with a nail brush or cloth to remove buildup, dirt, and germs.
Grooming your nails helps prevent the spread of germs in the mouth and other body openings. You should also avoid biting your nails.
Good dental hygiene is about more than just pearly white teeth.
Taking care of your teeth and gums is a smart way to prevent gum disease and cavities.
Brush your teeth at least twice a day for 2 minutes. Try to brush after you wake up and before you go to bed. If you can, also brush after every meal. Floss between your teeth daily, and ask your dentist about using an antibacterial mouthwash.
These two steps can help prevent tooth decay and eliminate pockets where bacteria and germs can accumulate.
hygiene during illness
If you don't feel well, you should take steps to prevent the germs from spreading to others.
This includes covering your mouth and nose when you sneeze, cleaning shared surfaces with a wipe
antibacterial and do not share utensils or electronic devices. Also, dispose of dirty tissues immediately.
Germs on hands can easily enter the body through the mouth, nose, eyes, or ears. Wash your hands:
- when you handle food
- before eating
- if you touch garbage
- when you sneeze
- every time you touch an animal
Also, wash your hands after changing a baby's diaper, helping someone else clean themselves, or cleaning a cut or wound.
Personal hygiene for children
Good personal hygiene will help your children to be healthy, avoid disease and develop better self-awareness.
It is never too early to start teaching hygiene. You can clean your child's hands after changing his diaper or before eating, brush his teeth and gums before bed, and teach him to have a daily bathing routine.
This helps you start the process and you will slowly teach him as he grows up and takes charge of the process.
Here is a list of hygiene activities, how you can introduce them, and when is a good time to start:
You can start brushing your baby's teeth and gums as soon as the first tooth appears. He can brush his teeth at 3 years old.
However, you may need to stay with your children to ensure that they are doing a good job and brushing long enough.
Play a 2 minute song when you brush his teeth.
This will let your little one know how long to brush and get used to the process.
Similarly, you may need to continue flossing with them until they are older and can handle the task better, around age 7.
You bathe them regularly, but by around 5 years of age, they should be able to handle this task on their own.
As they get older and you supervise bath time, you should use that time to teach them about washing all parts of the body, especially:
You can also use this time to teach them how to wash their hair without getting foam in their eyes, and what to do if it does.
Clean baby's hands with a warm washcloth before eating, after eating, and after changing a diaper.
During potty training, make hand washing an integral step in the process.
You can teach your child to sing the ABC song while washing up; it lasts about 20 seconds, which is an ideal wash time.
Make it a priority to ask your child to wash their hands whenever you feel it is necessary to promote good hygiene, such as before meals, after playing outside, after petting an animal, or after being around a sick friend
Nail hygiene and children
You'll trim your child's nails when they're a baby, but as they get older, you can help them take care of their own nails.
Encourage your kids to wash under their nails at every shower, a funny nail brush will help.
Then, sit down with them weekly after a shower to give them a trim.
Your nails are softer and easier to cut after a shower.