The Security Council of the United Nations Organization (UN), under the pro tempore presidency of Russia, will dedicate this Monday a broad debate on the unwanted human consequences generated by the so-called unilateral sanctions.
Iran considers insufficient lifting of US measures.
Entitled “General Sanctions-Related Issues: Preventing Their Humanitarian and Unintended Consequences”, the meeting will feature the participation of Under-Secretary-General for Political and Peacebuilding Affairs, Rosemary DiCarlo.
In addition to the Under-Secretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Martin Griffiths.
Several States that are not members of the Council may participate in accordance with article 37 of the provisional rules of procedure of the same entity.
Russia has circulated a concept note to help guide the discussion.
While recognizing sanctions as an important tool under the United Nations Charter to maintain international peace and security, the concept note stresses that sanctions must avoid adverse humanitarian or socio-economic effects and unintended consequences.
It also highlights the Security Council’s shift from imposing comprehensive sanctions to targeted sanctions to mitigate their unintended effects.
In this sense, it refers to the recommendations aimed at mitigating the adverse consequences of sanctions reflected in various UN documents, including the World Summit Outcome Document.
It highlights the need for the Security Council to assess potential humanitarian and unintended consequences before imposing sanctions.
The concept note further underlines the need to ensure the unimpeded supply of food, health supplies and medical support, particularly as the world faces the challenges of the Covid-19 pandemic.
During the debate, Russia proposes that Council members review current waiver mechanisms and take stock of lessons learned with a view to addressing the issue of unintended consequences of sanctions.
The need to consistently apply humanitarian exemptions to all targeted measures, including arms embargoes, travel restrictions, aviation bans and financial sanctions, is underscored.
Russia invites Council members to explore the possibility of introducing permanent humanitarian exemptions for humanitarian organizations and certain essential items that must be delivered to the countries targeted by sanctions.
The issue of Unilateral Coercive Measures (UCM), or sanctions applied by a state or a group of states and not authorized by the UN Security Council, is another issue that will be raised at the meeting.
China and Russia have frequently criticized the use of MCUs, such as those imposed on Belarus and Venezuela, among other nations, such as Iran, Nicaragua and Syria.