Vladimir PutinPresident of Russia, signed the law amending the Criminal Code to toughen the penalties for desertion, looting and the voluntary surrender of soldiers in times of war, crimes that can be sentenced to up to 15 years in prison.
The law establishes penalties of between five and 15 years in prison according to the different degrees of desertion and duration, according to the document published on the Administration’s legal information portal.
According to the official agency TASS, article 333 of the Russian Criminal Code is complemented by a third part, according to which “absence from the place of duty without permission, desertion with weaponsas well as the desertion of a group during the mobilization or martial law, in time of war or in the conditions of an armed conflict, will be punished with a custodial sentence of five years or up to fifteen years.
In addition, according to the amendments, for leaving the place of duty without authorizationfailure to appear on time without good reason for more than two days (but not more than 10) during the mobilization or martial law, the punishment is up to five years in prison.
If the failure to appear in such conditions exceeds 10 days (but not more than one month), the penalty will be up to seven years in prison. If a military is absent for more than a month, he can be imprisoned for a period of five to ten years.
In addition, if a soldier evades his duties by feigning illness, self-mutilation, falsifying documents or other deception in the conditions of mobilization, he can be sentenced to between five and 10 years from prison
The law also states that those who voluntarily surrender to the enemy will face a prison sentencen between three and 10 years.
However, a first infringement may be exempt from responsibility provided that the soldier has taken steps for his release, has returned to his unit or duty station, and has not committed any other offense during his captivity.
Other amendments provide for the introduction of criminal liability for pillage during a military conflict or in time of war with a maximum sentence of up to 15 years in prison.
The law complements the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation with a new article 356.1 “Looting”. Such an act without aggravating circumstances will be punished with up to six years. The pillage committed with the use of violence not dangerous to life or health, or with the threat of such violence, shall be punished with a prison sentence of up to ten years.
According to the new law, looting committed by a group of people by prior agreement, on a large scale, or with the use of violence dangerous to life or health, or with the threat of such violence, will be punished with imprisonment for three to twelve years.
The most severe punishment – imprisonment from eight to 15 years – is foreseen for looting committed by an organized group, on a particularly large scale, as well as combined with threats of murder or grievous bodily harm to the victim.
For failure to comply with the commander’s order in times of war and for the refusal of a soldier to participate in hostilities, a punishment of up to three years in prison is established, and in case of serious consequences – up to 10 years.
With information from EFE
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