Migration Routes to Mexico; criminal organizations
The economic, social and humanitarian Some countries on the Asian and African continent have taken Ecuador as the starting point to reach the United States.
The route for hundreds of migrants from China, India, Arabia, Nigeria and Cameroon, leaves their country of origin by air bound for Ecuador, a country where its immigration authorities do not request a visa from tourists.
The same happens in Venezuela, where the exodus takes them to walk kilometers to cross the borders of Colombia. At this point, groups of citizens from Asia, Africa and South America begin a journey of 5,750 kilometers to cross the Darién jungle, known as “The Darien Gap” that connects South America with Central America.
In accordance with Dinna Riveraa citizen of Venezuela assured Image Group that the journey through the hectares of the Darién jungle is a martyrdom because in that area the criminal organization calls “Gulf Clan”who have criminal activities in trafficking migrants.
He added that, during his journey, he saw dozens of dead people and had the need of drinking contaminated water from their rivers.
“First we traveled from Caracas to Colombia, Medellín, from Medellín we entered the jungle through Acandí, we lasted two and a half days, it was hard we saw dead, we passed there we had to drink river water, it was pollution, we were "My stomach was very bad, because the conditions were strong, we ran out of drinking water and we had to drink river water."
In the case of the migration from Haiti and Cuba, the maritime routes are essential to reach one of the 25 ports of Panama or, failing that, to the six commercial ports that Nicaragua has.
In the routes of Panama either Nicaragua, the transfers are in foreign buses to the border of Guatemala; That's where the nightmare of the American dream begins.
For Disan Saavedra, a resident of Holguín, Cuba, his status as a political prisoner forced him to leave his native island to avoid being they will kill. The route he took was by sea to reach Nicaragua, where he began his journey by land in diverse transportation to the bank of the Suchiate River on the Guatemalan side to cross for 50 quetzales (120 pesos) to Mexico, a 10-minute raft ride.
“Walking most of the time walking "To get here today that was terrible, because last night they took us off a bus and we had to make that journey on foot for almost 30 km and to date we still haven't been able to resolve anything here."
From the first hours of the day the activity on the border strip between Mexico and Guatemala, they begin the other way around; That is to say, from the Guatemalan side hundreds of migrants leave for Chiapas and from this entity hundreds of products of the basic basket and other products, informal trade without payment of tax.
Once arriving at the Suchiate Rivers, “The door to Mexico” awaits you route of 439 kilometers that can be on foot or by bus to reach one of the Migrant Mobility Centers that the three levels of government installed in the municipality of Juchitán, Oaxaca.
Here with the payment of the cost of your ticket, you are transferred without setbacks to Mexico City. This prevented the municipality from being collapsed in its urban services due to the migrant exodus.
In interview for Image Group The municipal president of Juchitán de Zaragoza, Oaxaca, Miguel Sánchez Altamirano, highlighted that the coordinated work helped prevent migration wandering in his municipality.
"We have been working jointly, the three levels of government and we are already with that mobility center, which helped us a lot, in the issue of public spaces, in the issue of garbage, in the issues of road reorganization and other circumstances that generated the issue of the migrant passage.”
The destination of the majority of the migrant exodus from Africa, Asia, South America and Central America momentarily is the “paradise” of Mexico City where the laws of the National Migration Institute (INM), are not applicable and thus be able to work with the purpose of raising money to continue their destiny to the United States.
Their stay will be between three and five months on the streets of the country's capital, to connect who take them to the northern border starting from Mexico City, passing through the State of Mexico, Querétaro, San Luis Potosí, Tamaulipas, Nuevo León to reach Piedras Negras.
The next route they take is:
- Mexico City, passing through the State of Mexico, Querétaro, Guanajuato, Zacatecas, Durango and Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua or, failing that, Mexico City, passing through the State of Mexico, Querétaro, Guanajuato, Zacatecas, Durango and Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua , Sonora until reaching Tijuana, Baja California.
Routes that are known by organizations criminal groups of the Northeast Cartel, Golfo, La Nueva Familia Michoacana and other minors who do their illegal business of kidnapping migrants under the protection of the authorities of the three levels of government.
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