The office in Mexico of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported Thursday that the Latin American nation became the third country with the most asylum applications in 2021, only surpassed by the United States and Germany.
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UNHCR reflected in its 2021 results report entitled Pandemic Protection and Solutions that Mexico received 131,414 requests.
For his part, the head of the Mexican Commission for Aid to Refugees (Comar), Andrés Ramírez reported that in the first quarter of 2022 a 31 percent growth in asylum applications was reported compared to the same period of the previous year and it expects more than 120,000 applications to be received this year.
The representative of the High Commissioner in Mexico, Giovanni Lepri reflected that the largest number of asylums is requested by people expelled by US anti-immigration policies, the cross-border dynamics of people who flee their countries either to go north or staying in the nation and forced internal displacement.
Lepri urged to strengthen the asylum system and seek other alternatives to regulate migration in order to give options to people who do not necessarily seek refuge and meet the conditions to access it, otherwise the asylum system may collapse. .
The official added that this shows that Mexico is no longer just a nation of transit, but that it is a country of arrival, return, departure and integration since it has become a center of stay and work for thousands of refugees and migrants. .
It is worth mentioning, in this sense, that Comer increased its processing capacity in 2021, compared to 2020, having foreseen a strong rise in applications.
Going back to the UNHCR report, by nationality, Haiti was the nation from which the most asylum seekers to Mexico came, with 39 percent of the total (51,809), although if added to people with Chilean and Brazilian nationality of Haitian parents, the percentage would rise to 48 percent.
Haiti is followed by Honduras with 28 percent of requests (36,341), followed by Cuba with six percent (8,315) and El Salvador with approximately five percent.