Maps and graphs that explain how the war between Israel and Gaza is evolving | International

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Friday, November 3

The Israeli army claims to have surrounded Gaza City and have several areas of the city under its control. The latest information from the Center for the Study of War (ISW) suggests that there has been hand-to-hand combat between the buildings (many of them destroyed by bombing). In the last two days, Israel has attacked at least two refugee camps in the northern Strip from the air.

Thursday, November 2

Jabalia, the largest refugee camp in northern Gaza, has suffered two Israeli bombings in 24 hours with dozens of deaths. In the following image you can see the impact of the rocket and, below, the same area a few days before.

Satellite image of the area affected by the explosion in the Yabalia refugee camp on October 31MAXAR TECHNOLOGIES (via REUTERS)

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Satellite image of the area before the bombing
Satellite image of the area before the bombingMAXAR TECHNOLOGIES (via REUTERS)

Already in the first days of war a mosque in another refugee camp near Gaza City (Shati) had been hit by Israeli shells.

Tuesday, October 31

Israeli incursions in the north of the Strip have intensified since last weekend, to the point that Israeli tanks have come to cut the main highway of the Strip, a day after the UN warned that aerial bombardments have hit near three of Gaza City's main hospitals.

Saturday, October 28

The Israeli air offensive in Gaza leaves a trail of destruction that affects numerous buildings in the Strip where the civilian population resided.

Thursday, October 26

The Israeli army deployed its largest ground incursion into Gaza since the start of the war, with an entry of infantry and tank units through the north of the Strip. The military leadership warned that it was a preparatory operation for a later large-scale invasion, and that it would not be the only one.

Wednesday, October 25

In the three weeks that have passed since the Islamist militia Hamas attacked Israel on October 7 - and this country bombed the Strip in retaliation - at least 2,360 boys and girls have died under Israeli bombs, according to data this Tuesday from the Ministry of Gazan health. In 18 days the entire toll of children killed in Gaza in the last 23 years has been exceeded.

Tuesday, October 24

The Israeli army's air attacks on the Strip have intensified in the last day. With more than 700 dead, Gaza has faced the bloodiest day of the war, according to Palestinian authorities.

Monday, October 23

Demonstrations of violence spread throughout the Middle East. The altercations have intensified on the border between Israel and Lebanon, with exchanges of fire between soldiers of the Jewish State and members of Hezbollah; in the West Bank, with demonstrations forcefully repressed by Israeli forces; and in neighboring Syria, with Israeli air attacks on two airports in this country.

Sunday, October 22

After 15 days of war, the United Nations estimates that there are one million internally displaced people in Gaza. At least 600,000 of them have moved south, overwhelming cities like Khan Yunis, which has doubled its population. In some of the densest areas of this city, where before the conflict 270 people per hectare lived, up to 540 can now be found. The main road that runs through Gaza is not always a safe transit point.

Friday, October 20

The constant Israeli airstrikes in Gaza, numbering in the hundreds a day, have led the civilian population of the Strip to abandon their homes and seek refuge in buildings managed by international organizations, such as schools administered by the United Nations.

The satellite images above show the locations of three of these schools along the Strip. The shelters are located both in the area that Israel asked to evacuate, to the north, and in the south, where the photograph below is taken.

View of refugees in one of the schools managed by the UN in Gaza, last week.
View of refugees in one of the schools managed by the UN in Gaza, last week.IBRAHEEM ABU MUSTAFA (REUTERS)

Thursday, October 19

Egypt has begun repairing the Rafah crossing road, which connects the Sinai Peninsula with the Gaza Strip, after the announced opening of the crossing for the entry of humanitarian aid to the Palestinian enclave. This border crossing is the only funnel through which the aid will pass, given the blockade imposed by Israel after the surprise attack by Hamas on October 7.

This Thursday, more than a hundred trucks loaded with humanitarian aid were waiting for the gate to be opened and the road on the Palestinian side, damaged by at least four bombings launched by Israel in recent days, to be repaired. Even more vehicles are waiting in the Egyptian city of Al Arish.

Many of the trucks waiting in the parking area on the Egyptian side will have to continue waiting, since the agreement with the United States, after Israel's approval, only refers to an initial convoy of 20 trucks. A large part of the more than two million inhabitants of the Strip already depended on humanitarian aid before the war broke out: nearly a hundred trucks brought humanitarian aid into Gaza every day, according to United Nations estimates.

Wednesday, October 18

An explosion on Tuesday night at the Al Ahli Al Arabi hospital in Gaza City has led to a clash of accusations between both sides. Israeli spokesmen blamed Islamic Jihad for launching a failed rocket, which hit the outside of the health center, causing at least 500 deaths, according to the Palestinian Ministry of Health. Hamas, for its part, accused the Israeli Armed Forces of having launched the airstrike that caused the massacre at the hospital.

Tuesday, October 17

The escalation of tension with Hezbollah in Lebanon, on the northern border, leads Israel to evacuate communities less than two kilometers from the line that divides it from the neighboring country. Meanwhile, in Gaza, a million people have abandoned their homes in the north of the Strip, the area that Israel intends to attack hardest. It is not clear that the Rafah border crossing will reopen, although part of the international community is mobilizing to at least introduce humanitarian aid.

Monday, October 16

In 10 days of the offensive, the death toll exceeds that of the last 15 years. In addition, there are 10,850 injured in the bombings on Gaza, according to the local Ministry of Health. Internally displaced people in the Strip do not stop increasing: more than 600,000 people, that is, one in four residents of Gaza, have fled their homes in search of a safe place in the south of the country.

Sunday, October 15

The UN Refugee Aid Agency says that, for the first time, it cannot guarantee the safety of its schools and hospitals, where Gazans fleeing their homes are crowded: Gaza faces a human disaster.

Saturday, October 14

The international community has been positioning itself on the escalation of violence in the region: Western and Pacific democracies are the core of support for the Jewish State. The new war, as happened with the invasion of Ukraine, exacerbates the confrontation between that bloc and actors such as Iran, Russia, China or Turkey.

Friday, October 13

The Israeli army orders the evacuation to the south in 24 hours of more than a million inhabitants in Gaza. All border crossings with Israel are closed and the supply of electricity, gas, water, food, medicine and fuel is interrupted. The only access point to the enclave is the Rafah crossing, in the south of the Strip, a small infrastructure that connects with the Sinai desert in Egypt, but has been closed after Israeli bombings.

Wednesday, October 11

The escalation of war incidents on the border with Lebanon threatens to open a new front against the pro-Iranian Hezbollah militia. The death of a dozen soldiers makes the day the bloodiest known since the end of the war in the summer of 2006. Since then, 10,800 soldiers from 40 countries have been deployed to the border, including 600 Spaniards, of the international interposition force.

Tuesday, October 10

In the first three days of war, more than 1,000 deaths have already been recorded. The Israeli army hits Gaza hard: it claims to have hit more than 1,200 “targets” between Saturday and Monday alone and promises that it will “double that number” in the next 24 hours. It is estimated that in the Strip, where residents are subject to the blockade of goods and services and cannot enter or leave freely, Hamas is holding at least 150 hostages captured during the incursion.

Sunday, October 8

The Hamas offensive is also surprising for its magnitude: over the weekend, more than 5,000 rockets were fired from the Strip. The map below shows the spots of unusual heat (caused mainly by explosions) detected by Sentinel II, the European Space Agency mission that was flying over the area at the time.

Saturday, October 7

At around 6:30 in the morning, Hamas militias carry out an incursion into Israeli territory by land, sea and air. They enter up to 20 kilometers from the Gaza Strip. The initial lack of counteroffensive makes it easier for them to take prisoners and kill hundreds of civilians in the kibbutzim.

The music festival was held at the Reim kibbutz Tribe of Nova, where the militiamen break in, causing the death of at least 260 people.

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