In Mexico, the LGBTI+ population amounts to 5 million people

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The National Survey on Sexual and Gender Diversity (ENDISEG) 2021, states that in the country the LGBTI+ population amounts to 5 million people, that is, 5.1% of the population aged 15 and over. This makes it possible to point out that 1 in 20 people identifies as the LGBTI+ population.

The study applied by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography (INEGI) adds that the proportion by sex is 4.6% for men and 5.7% for women.

By federal entity, the The State of Mexico concentrates the largest volume with 490,000 LGBTI+ peoplefollowed by the Mexico City with 311 thousand people and Veracruz cwith 308 thousand people. While, in proportion to its population, Colima presents the highest percentage with 8.7%, followed by Yucatán and Querétaro with 8.3 and 8.2%, respectively.

Of the 5 million people who identify with a sexual orientation and/or gender identity (SOGI) LGBTI+, 67.5% are between the ages of 15 and 29, that is, the population that recognizes itself as LGBTI+ is mostly a young population. It is possible that this is related to a topic of greater openness and self-recognition by the younger population, the survey refers.

Regarding the educational level, more than half of the LGBTI+ population (62.0%) has a High school or higher educational level. In contrast, for the population with conventional or normative SOGI, the percentage that has these same educational levels is only 46.4%. This may be related to the fact that the LGBTI+ population is at younger ages, and that they have reached a greater age. schooling.

According to the marital situation of the population with SOGI LGBTI+, it should be noted that the 64.9% report being single, followed by those who answered that they were in a free union, 16.7% and only 13.9% reported being married.

Regarding the issue of ethnicity, 11.0% self-identified as indigenous, 5.2% declared that they spoke an indigenous language and 3.9% declared that they self-identified as Afro-descendant.

According to economic activity, 64.3% of the SOGI LGBTI+ population identified themselves as economically active, while 35.7% as not economically active. Making the comparison with the population with conventional or normative SOGI, the percentages are similar.

Regarding the occupational groups of the employed population with SOGI LGBTI+, it should be noted that 13.2% reported being a worker in personal services and 8.3% administrative and sales employees, compared to the population with conventional or normative SOGI, said percentages are lower, of 8.2% and 5.9% respectively. The occupational groups where the SOGI LGBTI+ population reported lower participation with respect to the population with conventional or normative SOGI are craft workers with 7.7%, and industrial and transportation workers with 6.2 percent.

The age of identification of the SOGI corresponding to the LGBTI+ population responds to the approximate age at which the person began to realize that their sexual orientation or gender identity did not correspond to what was culturally expected, be it heteronormativity or cisnormativity. 19 Both for the population with LGB+ sexual orientation, and for those with a non-normative T+ gender identity, the highest proportion responded that they had realized it during their early childhood (before the age of 7), however for those with a gender identity (IG) T+ a greater proportion said they had done it during their early childhood (62.4 percent). Likewise, for both subpopulations, adolescence (between the ages of 12 and 17) is also a time when they identify their sexual orientation or gender identity.

Likewise, for the LGBTI+ population that reported that the father or mother, or both, know about their sexual orientation or gender identity, it was found that in general terms they have received acceptance, respect or support, as indicated by more than 80% of the population of both LGB+ sexual orientation and T+ gender identity.

In the case of unfavorable reactions such as being annoyed, assaulted or offended, the situation was more frequent for the population with non-normative gender identity, as well as the situation of being forced to see a doctor, religious authority or another person with the idea of ​​“correcting” you; These situations occurred for 22.2 and 13.9% of the population with T+ gender identity, against 16.0 and 9.8%, respectively, for the population with LGB+ sexual orientation.

On the subject of suicidal ideation, 7.9% of the population with conventional or normative SOGI reported that they have ever thought about committing suicide, while for the population with SOGI LGBTI+ the percentage is three times higher, 26.1 percent.

In short, 28.7 of the LGBTI+ population reported having ever thought about committing suicide or having attempted it (1.4 million) and the main cause or reason for the idea or attempt was: family and relationship problems (57.2%), followed by problems at school (20.3%) and health problems (19.1%). It should be noted that 14.0% directly referred to their sexual orientation or gender identity as the cause.

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