France, one country or many?


France faces the presidential elections today. It also faces how it reflects in a single man or woman all the contradictions that a country of 67 million inhabitants concentrates with a territory that, beyond Europe, hosts the second largest exclusive economic zone in the world after that of the United States. thanks to its twelve overseas entities. Their fronts are various. Internal and external.

Because it is known of the centralism that guides its policy despite its territorial and linguistic pluralism. That 97% of the French, 65 million, live in the European zone. And the weight in this of Paris, for the twelve million people who reside in its metropolitan area, which in its bordering regions generates a whole population gap that affirms it as Vacuum cleaner although beyond, further north, east and south, they are not far behind. The inequality, however, is clear in the distribution of the regional GDP: the wealth of the Île de France with Paris at the head almost multiplies by three, for example, the department of the Lyonnais. Still for more to the rest.

According to polls, today the average French is more moderate than in 2014 but also more to the right

France, among the seven largest economies in the world, also sees a poverty rate that has remained at 13-14% of the population for years and is concentrated in the banlieues metropolitan areas and in the highly populated central-eastern part of the country, the epicenter of many declining industrial regions.

In turn, giving a unified map of France does not allow us to see the distribution of the Muslim community in the country and this is precisely the reason for regular controversy in its political arena. Combining as it does the largest number of Muslims in Western Europe, they are also concentrated in the central-eastern half of the Hexagon; areas where the vote for the extreme right has stood out in election after election.

France, which remains a global and nuclear power thanks to its economic importance, influence soft and military presence according to the Elcano Royal Institute, thus returns to self-diagnose this Sunday. With changes among voters: according to the surveys on the self-perception of the French on the left-right axis, those who consider themselves moderate increase (from 29% in 2014 to 46% in 2021) at the same time as the bloc grows right-wing (it goes from representing 53% in 2014 to 56% in 2021). In this 2022 will it continue to expand?

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