Essequibo, the disputed border between Guyana and Venezuela | International

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For more than a century, the inhabitants of the Essequibo region have lived cornered in a territorial dispute between Guyana and Venezuela. This week, President Nicolás Maduro insisted on negotiating ownership of this area with his Guyanese counterpart Irfaan Ali.

The area of ​​almost 160,000 square kilometers is administered by Guyana, which defends a limit established in 1899 by an arbitration court in Paris. For its part, Venezuela insists on defending the Geneva Agreement, signed in 1966 with the United Kingdom before Guyanese independence, where the previous border was unknown and a negotiated solution was agreed upon.

The Venezuelan migrant population that arrives in Essequibo is concentrated in an area called the “green house”, a huge building abandoned by a Chinese company in Port Kaituma. Thousands of people have come there looking for better working and economic conditions.

Due to the dispute between both countries, Maduro has declared the oil concessions that Guyana has granted in the maritime areas off Essequibo as illegal.

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