Divorces increase in Mexico; marriages are reduced
The demographic dynamics in Mexico is extremely complex. It is not only characterized by growth that does not stop; due to a mortality determined by chronic-degenerative diseases; by both internal and international migration, in addition to the crisis of transit migration.
Additionally, there are wedding trends, which are changing rapidly in recent decades.
Divorces are increasing, marriages are decreasing According to the most recent data from Inegi, the number of marriages has had a significant decrease in the last two decades. In fact, in 2003 there were 584,142 marriages in Mexico throughout the country, reaching the record number of the last 20 years in 2004, with 600,563 marriages. The figure remained relatively stable in the following 10 years, since the average between 2004 and 2014 was 581,216 marriages per year.
Since that date, there have been significant decreases. Thus, in 2015 there were 558,022 cases; with a continued decrease until reaching 504,923 marriages in 2019. However, in the years 2020 and 2021, most likely associated with the Covid-19 pandemic, the numbers decreased to 335,563 and 453,085 marriages in each of those years, respectively. Finally, in the year 2022, the figure stood at 507,052 marriages.
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On the contrary, the number of divorces has had a sustained increasing trend, with the exception of 2020. In fact, in 2003, 64,248 divorces were registered in the country; For the year 2010, the figure stood at 86,042, that is, there was an increase of 33.9% in that period. By 2015 the figure grew to 123,883 divorce cases, which meant an increase of 43.9% compared to the 2010 figure; but 92.8% compared to 2003, that is, almost double the number of cases in just 12 years. By the year 2919 the figure had reached 160,107 cases, that is, a figure 86% higher than that recorded 10 years ago.
For its part, in 2020, the year of confinement forced by the pandemic, the
The figure was 92,739, which is evidently atypical, since in 2021 it grew once again to 149,675 cases; and for the year 2022, the last
figure registered by the National Institute of Statistics and Geography, constitutes a new record, with 166,766 cases, a figure 53.38% higher than recorded 10 years ago.
A GROWING RELATIONSHIP
According to Inegi, the absolute data imply an accelerated growth of the divorce-marriage ratio: in 2003 the ratio was 11 divorces for every 100 marriages; By 2010 the ratio grew to 15.1; By 2015 it reached 22.2 divorces per 100 marriages; In 2020, despite the decrease in magnitude of both cases, the ratio stood at 27.6, but in 2019 it had been 31.7. For the year it grew once again to 33 divorces per 100 marriages, while in 2022 the figure is 32.9.
STATES WITH GREATEST RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BOTH CASES
In the year 2022, compared to the national average already indicated for the divorce-marriage ratio, Campeche registered a statistic of 65.3; Nuevo León, 60.8; Tamaulipas, 56.9; Coahuila, 52.1 and Chihuahua, 50.1; In contrast, the lowest rates are from Veracruz, with 14.2; Chiapas, with 17.1 and Jalisco with 19.6 divorces per 100 marriages.
According to official information, in Mexico, in 2022 there were 33 divorces for every 100 marriages, almost one divorce for every three unions. However, the differences between states are notable: in Campeche, Nuevo León and Tamaulipas, the indicator is above 55 divorces for every 100 marriages. To them are added 13 more entities where the national average is exceeded. In this logic, even considering the atypical years of 2020 and 2021, if a similar trend continues, in the year 2050 there could be an indicator that could range between 62.8 and 74.5 divorces per 100 marriages.
Source: own elaboration based on marriage statistics from www.inegi.org.mx
Marriage is one of the most relevant demographic phenomena in any society. It synthesizes multiple values and perceptions of life, but it can also be a sign of important modifications in the assignment of roles and functions within family nuclei, as well as the distribution of power relations and family arrangements in general. For this reason, it is important to observe that the trend in the number of marriages in the country is going downwards, since the absolute number has decreased, even though the population, especially those of marriageable age, has increased substantially. On the contrary, divorce numbers are growing rapidly. Indeed, between the two decades from 2003 to 2022, the absolute number of divorces grew by 159%; while the divorce-marriage ratio went from 11 to 32.9 divorces per 100 unions.
Source: Own elaboration based on marriage statistics from www.inegi.org.mx
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