Cuba and Latin America commemorate the legacy of José Martí | News

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By commemorating this January 28 the 169th anniversary of the birth of Cuba’s national hero, José Martí, the Latin American people remember his actions on the battlefield or the organization of the struggle.

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From a very young age, José Martí made contributions to journalism, literature, Cuban thought and the world.

As a new anniversary of his birth is celebrated, Martí’s work is monumental. However, there are some fundamental ideas in it that leave us a clear legacy.



anti-imperialism

José Martí was in the United States for several years, above all raising funds and preparing what he called the Necessary War (1895-1898). However, he predicted the danger of the northern neighbor of Latin America.

The letter to Manuel Mercado itself, considered a political testament, is one of the exponents of José Martí’s anti-imperialist sentiments. “[…] I am already in danger every day (…) of preventing in time with the independence of Cuba that the United States extend through the Antilles and fall, with that force more, on our lands of America”.

Likewise, on the occasion of the Pan-American Conference, he denounced the interest of the Americans in establishing control over trade in Latin America in order to turn these countries into consumers of their manufactured products.

Among the works of Martí where he exposes his evaluations of the United States, are his chronicles published in the newspaper “La Nación”, of Buenos Aires, and in “La Opinión Nacional”, of Caracas, in the period 1881-1892. His works related to the American International Conference, in 1889 and the Monetary Conference of the Republics of America, in 1891, also transcend.

anti-racism

One of the origins of anti-racism in Martí is pointed out as his knowledge of the horrors of slavery when he was a child.

“And the blacks? Who who has seen a Negro flogged does not consider himself his debtor forever? I saw it, I saw it when I was a child, and the shame has not yet faded from my cheeks. I saw it and since then I have sworn his defense”, he said when witnessing the mistreatment of the slaves on the plantations.

In his book El Presidio Politico en Cuba, he denounced the abuses that were committed in prison, especially against those who were not white. In the article My Race published in the Patria newspaper on April 16, 1893, he expresses his highest concept of his racial vision in the following way:

“Man does not have any special rights, because he belongs to one race or another: say man and all the rights are already said (…) Everything that divides men, everything that specifies, separates or corners them, It is a sin against humanity.”

Latin Americanism

Essay Our America It is one of the most recognized works of José Martí and the most valid today. It was first published in The New York Illustrated Magazine on January 10, 1891; and later in the edition of January 30, 1891 in El Partido Liberal, of Mexico.

Our America showed its unity of conception with Latin American nationalism. In the writing, he exposes the need to be consistent and invincible, when fighting for a just cause such as independence. Likewise, it denounces the internal and external dangers that surrounded the continent and that which represents the stalking of the United States on these lands.



Marti’s ideology is very rich. His complete works cover several dozen volumes including poems, essays, journalistic works and speeches.

The hate speeches, the division of Latin America promoted by the oligarchy and the US Government, as well as the constant attempts to undermine the sovereignty of the peoples, make us think about his warnings and invite us to join his thinking that “it is the time of reckoning, and of the united march, and we have to walk in a tight square, like silver in the roots of the Andes”.

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