Could you go blind if you see the eclipse directly? This is what science says
Next Saturday, October 14, millions of people will have the opportunity to witness the solar eclipse which will cover a large part of the country, although only in Campeche, Yucatán and Quintana Roo it will reach 90 percent of its totality, and in central Mexico it will be seen at 70 percent, Many are already preparing for this unrepeatable moment.
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The eclipse is expected to begin around 9:45 a.m. and end at 1:08 p.m.. The 'annular solar eclipse' phase will reach its peak at 11:24 a.m., although It is expected to last approximately four minutes and 15 seconds.
However, it is necessary to take the necessary precautions to prevent this astronomical phenomenon from causing damage to the eyes, since looking directly at the Sun could be fatal for eye health.
Can you lose your sight from observing an eclipse?
According to eclipse American Academy of Ophthalmology, Eyes could suffer severe damage when viewing an eclipse directlyand they could even be irreversible, because the retina will receive an electrical impulse whose information goes directly to the brain, however, what the brain does not detect is the pain and damage that this light will cause.
Just by observing the eclipse for one second without proper eye protection, the retina will receive all the damage and there will be no turning back.which could effectively cause blindness or serious damage such as solar retinopathy, which occurs when photochemical damage to the retina occurs from directly or indirectly observing the Sun.
How to see the solar eclipse safely? pic.twitter.com/OcpLIHhRbV
— UNAM Astronomy Institute (@iaunam) October 4, 2023
How to view the eclipse safely
This is why it is necessary to take precautions when placing your eyes on the phenomenon and take into account that there are elements that will allow you to do so without suffering damage to your eyes.
The sunglasses you have at home do not work for this purposethere are glasses made of cardboard, a portable card with a filter that can help you observe the eclipse.
However, The safest way to observe this phenomenon is through a number 14 welding filter in binocular lenses. and telescopes or special eclipse lenses certified CE and ISO 12312-2.2015, but do not see the Sun for more than 30 seconds, even if these instruments are used.
Avoid using photographic or video cameras, binoculars, tinted glass, polarized filters or color film to view the eclipse. Preferably do not use ordinary sunglasses or homemade filters, since they are not safe for your eyes.
This October 14, take precautions and take care of your eyesight. Follow the recommendations to enjoy the #solar eclipse.#Eclipse #eclipse2023 #AnnularSolarEclipse #AnularSolarEclipse #Solar eclipse #Astronomy #Do not miss it #Yucatan pic.twitter.com/3zdN5CT54j
— ENES MÉRIDA UNAM (@ENES_Merida) October 6, 2023
You can also read: How often does a solar eclipse occur? We tell you
It is also suggested that girls and boys follow the instructions for their safety.
The eclipse on October 14 will begin its journey in the Pacific Ocean, enter the United States through Oregon and advance until it exits through Texas. Around 10:45 a.m. it will enter Mexico near Campeche, go down through the jungle towards Calakmul and then continue through Quintana Roo and Belize. This journey will reach Central America, continue to Brazil and, finally, conclude in the Atlantic.
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