Complaints of homophobia and transphobia fell by 12 percent in Chile during 2021, which represents the first drop reported for eight years, local activists reported Thursday.
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The Movement for Homosexual Integration and Liberation (Movilh), from the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, transsexual, transvestite, intersex and queer (LGBTIQ+) communities in Chile, stressed that they registered 1,114 complaints or cases of discrimination in 2021, including three murders and 78 physical assaults.
The XX Annual Report on Human Rights of Sexual Gender Diversity revealed that 19 percent of all complaints were against gays; 13.2 against lesbians; 11.4 against trans and 56.4 attacked the LGBTIQ+ population as a whole.
The data indicated that violence against the community fell by 80 percent, as a result of the recent approval of same-sex marriage in Chile. Physical and verbal aggression also showed a decrease of 40.9 percent.
Similarly, there was a decrease in educational discrimination of 63 percent, murders also fell by 50 percent; homophobia and transphobia in the family and neighborhoods decreased by 46.6 percent.
However, in contrast to these statistics, institutional discrimination increased by 3.1 percent, as well as hate speech by 47.8 percent.
In December 2021, the equal marriage law was approved in Chile, legislation that responded to more than three decades of struggle by the LGBTIQ+ movements in that country, the increase in violence against the population of the community and the lack of representation and rights that they suffered
Chile became the eighth country in Latin America and the Caribbean to approve same-sex marriage, effective as of March 10, after the project was presented in 2017 and remained stalled in Parliament for nearly four years.