Carnation Revolution: historical transformation in Portugal | News


The Carnation Revolution gets its name from the fact that the population flooded the streets of Lisbon with red carnations that they placed in the mouths of the army’s rifles, achieving social change without blood or violence, putting an end to 46 years of dictatorship imposed by the Portuguese economist, Antonio de Oliveira Salazar.


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Oliveira, despite never occupying the position of president of the country, led Portugal to the paths of the colonial war that deepened in Angola, Mozambique, São Tomé and Príncipe, Cape Verde and Guinea Bissau, causing the death and forced displacement of thousands of innocents seeking their independence.

Tired of colonialist policies, the Armed Forces Movement – supported by social civil forces, students and workers – peacefully and decisively defended the right to change the destiny of Portugal.

Under the slogan “O povo united will never be defeated”, the voices of a conscious population that was moving away from the race for Africa and that were seeking the social demands repressed for decades were united.

The arrival of democracy gave women the vote after the Carnation Revolution. Photo: April 25 Documentation Center

This revolution was capable of exposing NATO, since an army belonging to this organization had decided to pursue the interests of its people, who, being the most backward country in Europe with marked economic and social inequality, where exploitation of the countryside became more evident, he managed to turn his back on the invasive intentions that showed a clear interest in oil and minerals from Angola and Mozambique.

On the morning of April 25, 1974, after listening to the song “Grândola, Vila Morena” by Zeca Afonso in code through the Renacimiento radio station, the already organized population took to the streets in support of the civic-military coup that ended hundreds of years of colonialism.

From then on, the achievements were reflected in the beginning of a democratic process with the arrival of a new Constitution, the integration of women in the labor sector and the establishment of a public health system with scope for the entire population and other social demands achieved by a struggle that was born in the communities of the European country.

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