On October 2, 2022 in Brazil, one of the most populous countries in the world, with just over 156 million voters, they will elect a president, their governors, representatives to regional assemblies and Congress.
The boys at night in Iguala
Both the current president, Jair Bolsonaro, and the other candidates, apparently will not have a way to take off, even though they could lead to the second round -according to the polls- former president Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva, the favorite.
Bolsonaro looks uncontrolled even in interviews, perhaps because the day is near when he will lose the immunity guaranteed by the Presidency. Then he must be held accountable to justice for the crimes allowed, such as the method to multiply his money and that of his acolytes.
Brazil, that Latin American giant, is one of the most populous countries in the world with 25 inhabitants per square kilometer (Km2). It has a population of 213,993,441 people. It is more than three times that of Argentina and one and a half times the population of Mexico. Therefore, to analyze their circumstances, they should be seen from their profound differences.
An accent marked as a shadow in your reality is referred to by the following data. From May 2021 to April 2022, Brazilian families in extreme poverty went from 14.6 million to 18.2 million, according to the Single Registry of the Ministry of Citizenship (CadÚnico).
The perfect script has its end
Let us remember in the 1980s, the emergence as a social movement of the Workers’ Party (PT) and its evolution into a political party. Then, from the government with which Luiz Inácio da Silva, who won the elections for two terms (2003-2010) and later was Dilma Rousseff’s platform, until her dismissal.
That 2016 script came out as a perfect show, when a parliamentary coup interrupted the mandate of President Dilma Rousseff. This was completed with the movement of the Judiciary and the elite, to remove Lula from the presidential game, by accusing him without evidence, with the impediment of running in the 2018 presidential elections.
The trumpist from South America, Jair Bolsonaro, arrived there with the support of the religious extreme right, “governing in a democracy for the first time.”
Just to name one fact, as a symbol of Bolsonaro’s mandate, let us remember the disastrous management during the Covid-19 pandemic, when in the midst of the crisis he made four changes of Minister of Health, claiming some 680,000 lives in Brazil, only surpassed by the sad record number of deaths in the United States (USA).
Unfortunately, many of those who complained about Bolsonaro’s bad deeds and threats have also promoted chaos since 2016. However, they could not maintain the arbitrary imprisonment of Lula da Silva, who has eight years of his Government, where – According to the United Nations Organization, more than 20 million Brazilians exceeded the poverty line.
This is a tangible story, which places him in the electorate’s preference. Lula is also likely to prevail, because Brazilians are disgusted by Bolsonaro.
The arrival of a metallurgical union leader to the Presidency, Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva -currently 76 years old- could not be understood without the struggles of the Brazilian workers. The impact on Brazilian society of the peasant battles for their rights, carried out by the Landless Movement (MST), the largest in the world, cannot be ignored either.
Let us observe how in Brazil, the social agents and their collective action in the organization of popular movements constitute political tools in the midst of a fragmented society.
In the current scenario, the next Presidency faces the strengthening of a chaotic society, which in the last decade has suffered from xenophobic, racial and homophobic attitudes and procedures.
In Brazil, the dance of natural wealth contrasts with an unbridled race towards neoliberal capitalism, because its immense mineral heritage and potential agricultural development have been offered to the highest bidder.
It is no accident that 11.3 million people are unemployed and 7.6 million underutilized. Likewise, a vast majority of workers have been exposed to the insecurity of the informal economy, indicated the Circle of Latin American Studies (Cesla).
The Black Coalition
Persevering in the face of their reality, the main groups of the Black Coalition for Rights proposed 101 candidates for the October elections.
It is notable by default, the low institutional profile of this majority population. Also Erika Hilton is an exception. Transvestite and black, she was the most voted in Brazil in 2020 and this time she is still fighting.
By the way, said Bahian sociologist Vilma Reis, who is running for a federal deputy seat for the Workers’ Party (PT). “There will be nothing in this country about us, without us. We are not going to go backwards or to gain momentum. This country is only possible with black people, because Brazil is a black country.”
The leader of the Homeless Movement of the Center, Carmen Silva, expressed the challenge that is upon them: “in addition to defeating them at the polls, defeating their legacy: Bolsonarism; defeat the hatred that divided families and brought hunger back.”
Many remember Brazil with Lula, as a growing economy, a leading country in trade equity within the World Trade Organization (WTO), because it sought to strengthen South-South alliances, with integration and cooperation processes.
put the house in order
Millions know it. There is no other option than with Lula da Silva and her polling partner, the former governor of Sao Paulo, Geraldo Alckmin, to defeat the extreme right in power.
The main contenders lead the “Let’s Go Together for Brazil” movement, with seven political parties, several social groups and seven union centrals, which, if they are winners, will have the task of putting the house in order.
The Government that will be released on January 1, 2023, cannot be born naive, after so many blows that life gave them.
The same forces that since the time of colonization conspire against the people and respond to the elite of that military dictatorship, expanded for a little more than two decades, until they became a strategic device of the industrial bourgeoisie.
On the right they are well established in agribusiness, military life and religion, ready to hold onto power.
Just as Jorge Amado described in the novel “The Subterraneans of Liberty”. The ruling classes that adapt their projects of supremacy to social demands, with surnames associated with the Portuguese kingdom and the Empire of Brazil, have nothing to do with maintaining dizzying capitalism.
just go out on the street
Former President Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva denounced that the current moment is proof of the incompetence of the Government of Jair Bolsonaro. “The country has a high level of unemployment, 19 million people are hungry, 116 million people have some kind of food insecurity problem.”
Brazil came to be among the six largest economies in the world, former President Lula told the Brazilian people a year ago on his personal page, on the eve of September 7, the day Bolsonaro starred in his self-coup farce.
Currently, Brazil recognizes high unemployment rates, frenetic inflation and the largest contraction of the Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in its history, according to official information.
“I don’t need to insist on the data on the cost of living, on unemployment, on the lack of investment, on the pandemic, on the hunger that has returned to Brazil”, it is possible to create jobs again, that the salary has to increase and earn the pulse to inflation, that it is possible to produce healthy food at a fair price, so that it returns to the tables of families, Lula emphasized.
“It is enough to go out to the street to see that the Brazilian people are feeling the destruction of the country on their skin. But today I am here to say that, despite everything, Brazil has a remedy”.