ATX begins upward operations this August 30
Rise opening for the ATXwhich inaugurates the day of Wednesday August 30 with slight ascents of the 0.23%until the 3,160.27 points, after the start of the opening session. If we compare the figure with previous days, the ATX chains four successive dates of positive numbers.
Taking into account the last week, the ATX accumulates a raise of 1.99%so that for a year it still maintains a rise of 10.86%. He ATX a 11.15% below its maximum this year (3,557.01 points) and a 4.49% above its minimum price for the current year (3,024.58 points).
a stock index It is an indicator that shows how the value of a set of assets evolvesfor which it uses data from various companies or sectors of a fragment of the market.
These indicators are used mainly by the stock markets of each country and each of them can be integrated by signatures with specific characteristics such as having a similar market capitalization or belonging to the same industry, in addition, there are some indices that only take into account a handful of shares to determine their value or others that consider hundreds of shares.
Stock indices serve as indicator of confidence in the stock market, business confidence, the health of the national and global economy, and the performance of stock investments and company shares. Generally, if investors do not have confidence, the costs of shares will tend to fall.
They also work to measure the performance of an asset manager and allow investors to make a comparison between profitability and risk; measure the opportunities of a financial asset or create portfolios.
These types of indicators began to be used at the end of the 19th century after the journalist Charles H. Dow. To see carefully how the shares of the companies tended to rise or fall together in price, so he created two indices: one that contained the 20 most important railway companies (since it was the most important industry at the time), as well as 12 shares of other types of businesses
Currently there are various indices and They can congregate based on their geographic location, industries, company size, or even asset classFor example, the US Nasdaq index is made up of the 100 largest largely technology-related companies such as Apple (AAPL), Microsoft (MSFT), Amazon (AMZN), Facebook (FB), Alphabet (GOOG), Tesla (TSLA), Nvidia (NVDA), PayPal (PYPL), Comcast (CMCSA), Adobe (ADBE).
Each stock index has its own calculation method, but the main factor is the market capitalization of each firm that integrates it. This is obtained by multiplying the daily value of the security in the corresponding stock market by the total number of shares that are in circulation in the market.
Companies listed on the stock exchange are required to present a balance of its composition. Said report must be delivered every three or six months, as the case may be.
Reading a stock index also implies being careful of its changes over time. New indices always start with a fixed value based on security prices on their start date, but not everyone follows this method. Therefore, it can be misleading.
If one index boosts by 500 points in one day, while another only adds 20, it might appear that the former outperformed. But, if the first started the day at 30,000 points and the other at 300, it can be derived that, in percentage terms, the gains for the second were considerable.
Between the major US stock indices There is the Dow Jones Industrial Average, better known as Dow Jones, of which 30 companies are part. Likewise, the S&P 500, which comprises 500 of the largest companies on the New York Stock Exchange. Finally, it is necessary to mention the Nasdaq 100which links 100 of the largest non-financial firms.
On the other hand, the most important indices of Europe are the eurostoxx 50, which covers the 50 largest companies in the euro area. He too DAX 30, the main German index containing the most prominent companies on the Frankfurt Stock Exchange; the FTSE 100 from the London Stock Exchange; he ACC 40 from the Paris Stock Exchange; and the IBEX 35from the Spanish stock market.
In Asiawe have the nikkei 225, made up of the 225 largest companies on the Tokyo Stock Exchange. Also, the SSE Composite Index, is seen as the main one in China, made up of the most relevant companies on the Shanghai Stock Exchange. The same role played by the Hang Seung Index in Hong Kong and the KOSPI in South Korea.
Talking about the latin american regionyou have the CPIwhich contains the 35 most influential firms on the Mexican Stock Exchange (BMV). At least a third of them are owned by tycoon Carlos Slim.
Another is the Bovespa, made up of the 50 most important companies on the Sao Paulo Stock Exchange; he Merval from Argentina; he IPSA From Chile; he MSCI COLCAP from Colombia; he IBC of Caracas, made up of 6 companies from Venezuela.
Likewise, there are other types of global stock indices such as the MSCI Latin Americawhich includes the 137 most important companies in Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru.
Similarly, there is MSCI World, which includes 1,600 companies from 23 developed countries; he MSCI Emerging Markets, made up of more than 800 companies from developing countries; and the S&P Global 100made up of the 100 most powerful multinational firms on the entire planet.
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