A wake-up call to prevent the world from being uninhabitable | In deep
“We are facing a climate emergency”, this statement is part of the message from the Secretary General of the United Nations Organization (UN), António Guterres, on the publication, on April 4, of the third report of the Intergovernmental Group of Experts on Climate Change (IPCC).
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In the document, scientists have warned that the Earth’s temperatures are going to exceed the established limits, unless greenhouse gas emissions are reduced faster than several countries had already announced they would. they would do
If immediate action is not taken, the consequences could be catastrophic. “The jury has delivered its verdict. And it is condemnation. This report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change is a litany of broken climate promises,” Guterres said.
The secretary general also considered that what was revealed in the report “is a record of shame, which catalogs the hollow promises that lead us steadily towards an uninhabitable world.”
Guterres warned that the road to climate disaster is on the fast track, which includes large cities flooded, heat waves that have never been recorded, widespread water scarcity, the extinction of plant and animal species, among other situations. . It is a wake-up call that must be heeded.
“We are on track for global warming of more than double the 1.5 degree limit agreed in Paris. Some government and business leaders are saying one thing and doing another. Plain and simple: they are lying. And the results are going to be catastrophic,” Guterres explained in his message.
Although the report does not specify the responsibility of any country for this situation, the figures reveal that a significant part of the carbon dioxide in the atmosphere was released by rich countries, which were the first to burn oil, coal and gas since the revolution. industrial.
The UN specialists specified that 40 percent of the emissions produced since then are from Europe and North America, while 12 percent corresponds to Asia.
Despite the agreement in 2015 to keep global warming below 2 degrees Celsius (°C), temperatures have increased by more than 1.1 °C, causing natural disasters to increase, such as extreme heat, floods , hurricanes and forest fires, situations that put human lives at risk.
The entity detailed that projected global emissions exceed the maximum agreed in Paris and make it difficult to reach the 2°C limit after 2030.
“Climate science warns that we are already dangerously close to tipping points that could trigger a cascade of irreversible climate consequences,” Guterres said.
Guterres emphasized that this third IPCC report raises the need to reduce emissions, with viable options in all sectors to advance in limiting global warming to 1.5 °C.
It also urges “triple the speed of the transition to renewable energy”, that is, leaving behind the investments and subsidies of fossil fuels to switch to renewable energies, including wind and solar.
This week’s @IPCC_CH report showed we are on a fast track to climate disaster.
But we can’t lose hope.
We must build on the progress made – led by youth, civil society & indigenous communities – and demand that promises are turned into reality. https://t.co/llyTHa5Zjt
— Antonio Guterres (@antonioguterres)
April 10, 2022
Although several representatives of countries and companies have attended climate summits to present their efforts to reduce emissions, investments in fossil fuels and other activities that are polluting continue.
The UN Secretary General called for support for the main emerging economies to carry out this transition, for greater protection to be given to forests and ecosystems that can be “powerful climate solutions”, the reduction of methane emissions, and to put into implement the commitments agreed both in Paris and in Glasgow.
Guterres recalled that there is a debt with the youth, civil society and indigenous communities, who have made several alert calls for action to be taken. “We can all do our part,” he reiterated.
He also explained that the move to renewable energy will allow the “global energy matrix” to be repaired, giving hope to millions of people who are affected by the impact of the climate around the world.
“It is time that we stop burning our planet and start investing in the abundant renewable energy that surrounds us”, emphasized Guterres, being a call to prevent the planet from becoming “an uninhabitable world”.